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What should American Citizens who are in Italy not for tourism do?
In the following article we talk about it.
Americans in Italy are considered either a “non-resident” or a “resident.”
Each of these classifications carries a different set of privileges and responsibilities:
Americans staying or travelling within Italy for less than three (3) months are considered non-residents. This includes persons on vacation, those taking professional trips, students registered at an authorised school, or persons performing research or independent study.
As of May 28, 2007, under Italian law ( http://www.camera.it/parlam/leggi/07068l.htm ), all non-residents must complete a dichiarazione di presenza (declaration of presence). Tourists arriving from a non-Schengen-country (e.g. the United States) should obtain a stamp in their passport at the airport on the day of arrival. This stamp is considered the equivalent of the declaration of presence. Tourists arriving from a Schengen-country (e.g. France) must request the declaration of presence form from a local police office (commissariato di zona), police headquarters (questura) or their place of stay (e.g hotel, hostel, campgrounds) and submit the form to the police or their place of visit within eight business days of arrival. Applicants must keep a copy of the receipt issued by the Italian authorities. Failure to complete a declaration of presence is punishable by expulsion from Italy. Additional information may be obtained from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Polizia di Stato
Tourists may bring motor vehicles bearing non-Italian license plates for six (6) months without paying customs duties. At the expiration of this period, the motor vehicle must be re-exported or registered and Italian license plates obtained. If it is not noted, the violator can be charged with smuggling and will be penalised.
Americans staying in Italy for more than three (3) months are considered residents. This includes Americans who will work or transact business and persons who want to live in Italy simply.
Americans must obtain an entrance visa at an Italian consulate before coming to Italy to remain in Italy for more than three months and gain resident status. This procedure will take several weeks to complete, so applying well before the departure date is advisable. The visa will be granted only for the time indicated on the application. Americans already in Italy without a permit will have to leave Italy to obtain one before gaining resident status.
Upon arrival in Italy, the American must obtain a permesso di soggiorno (permit of stay). As of December 11, 2006, an application “kit” for the permesso di soggiorno may be requested from one of 14,000 national post offices (Poste Italiane). The kit must then be returned to one of 5,332 designated Post Office acceptance locations. Applicants must keep a copy of the receipt issued by the Post Office. Additional information may be obtained from an Italian immigration website via Internet at: http://www.portaleimmigrazione.it. Within 20 days of receiving the permit to stay in Italy, Americans must go to the local Vital Statistics Bureau, Anagrafe of the Comune, to apply for residency. It generally takes one to two months to receive the certificate of residence (Certificato di Residenza).
Next week we will add more details about it.
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I'm Natalia Bertelli, an English/Spanish to Italian legal translator. Since 2008 I have been working on contracts, judicial deeds, certificates, corporate translations for foreign clients who want to do business in Italy, get a dual citizenship or simply settle in my beautiful country.