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When planning a trip to Europe, it's essential to understand the difference between the Uniform Schengen Visa and the Schengen National Visa. The Uniform Schengen Visa allows the holder to travel within the 26 countries in the Schengen Area for up to 90 days within 180 days. This visa is ideal for tourists and those traveling for business purposes.
On the other hand, the Schengen National Visa is issued by a specific Schengen country. It allows the holder to enter and stay in that country for a more extended period, typically for work or study purposes. However, the holder cannot travel to other Schengen countries with this visa. It's essential to apply for the correct visa based on your travel plans and the purpose of your visit. Make sure to research and understand the requirements and limitations of each ticket before applying.
Foreign citizens who want to immigrate to Italy are often interested in obtaining access to other European countries, too, in which the Schengen visa is one of the most sought-after types of tickets. As a member state of the European Union and Schengen area, Italy has aligned its immigration legislation so that those who obtain permanent residency here can benefit from the free travel advantages offered by a Schengen visa.
ITALY AS A SCHENGEN AREA MEMBER STATE
Italy is a member of the Schengen area, which means that Italian citizens can travel freely to other member states. In contrast, the citizens of other Schengen countries are allowed to enter Italy without a visa. For citizens of European countries outside the Schengen area, specific visa requirements apply when coming to Italy for work purposes, for example.
Citizens of countries outside the EU and the Schengen area must apply for a uniform Schengen visa if they want to transit Italy or stay here for no more than 90 days or a national Schengen visa if they settle in Italy for periods longer than 90 days.
THE UNIFORM SCHENGEN VISA FOR ITALY
A uniform Schengen visa is required when a person from another state wants to live in a Schengen area member country for a limited period or when transiting the Schengen area to other destinations. There are three types of uniform Schengen visas one can apply for in Italy:
The single-entry visa, which is issued once upon the entry of a person from a non-Schengen country (once the respective citizen exists in the country, the permit automatically expires);
The double-entry visa, which expires after the second entry and exit of a citizen of a non-Schengen area state;
The multiple-entry visa is issued for those who stay for short periods in a Schengen country.
Our lawyers can help those who need to apply for a uniform Schengen visa in Italy. You can later use it for Italian citizenship based on the residence permit obtained this way.
THE NATIONAL SCHENGEN VISA IN ITALY
Apart from the uniform Schengen visa, there is also the national Schengen visa, which needs to be obtained by the following categories of persons:
The national Schengen visa can also be issued for multiple entries in Italy.
It is good to know that a student visa can be converted into a work visa for Italy. This is the only type of permit that can be converted in Italy.
A brief comparison between the uniform and national Schengen visa
Foreign citizens interested in coming to Italy based on a Schengen visa and who do not know whether to apply for a uniform or a national visa should know that:
The uniform visa is more suitable for very short periods of stay and transit purposes;
The national access allows a foreign citizen to live in Italy for more extended periods;
The federal permit can be issued for long periods, which enables a person to live in Italy for up to 3 months;
The uniform visa requires a person to reapply for a visa once they exited Italy if one wants to enter the country again;
It is possible to apply for a multiple-entry national Schengen visa (especially for artists and sportspeople).
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I'm Natalia Bertelli, an English/Spanish to Italian legal translator. Since 2008 I have been working on contracts, judicial deeds, certificates, corporate translations for foreign clients who want to do business in Italy, get a dual citizenship or simply settle in my beautiful country.