After Brexit, becoming confident in the use of English will be essential.
Migrants into the UK identified as "low-skilled" – including people from Europe – will receive no preferential treatment when free movement from the EU ends, the British government says.
People looking to work in the UK will also need a job offer with a minimum designated salary, and to be able to speak good English.
The new UK policy statement on immigration promises to reduce overall numbers, and introduce a “points-based system” to end “a reliance on cheap labour from Europe”.
“EU citizens and non-EU citizens will be treated equally” from January 1, 2021 after the post-Brexit transition period expires, the document says."We will not introduce a general low-skilled or temporary work route."
The United Kingdom left the European Union on January 31 this year, but most existing arrangements remain in place during this phase. These include free movement between the EU and the UK – a right which has not been unlimited, but subject to restrictions.
Speak English to 'required level.'
The new measures to attract skilled workers mean potential migrants into the UK will need to demonstrate that they speak English to a “required level”.
They will also need a job offer “from an approved sponsor… at the required skill level” and earn more than a minimum salary threshold. The government has agreed to reduce this to £25,600 (€30,843).
In occupations identified as having staff shortages, lower minimum earnings of £20,480 (€24,682) are accepted. The same applies to applicants with a suitable PhD.
Under the system, foreign workers will need 70 points to apply to enter the UK. Good English brings 10 points, an approved job offer 20 points, with another 20 points awarded for jobs at an “appropriate skill level”.
Further points are awarded according to salary, in sectors with shortages, and for educational qualifications.
There will be no special arrangements for low-skilled workers – although the government promises to expand a pilot scheme for seasonal workers in agriculture, and highlights "youth mobility arrangements" with eight countries that it says bring around 20,000 young people to the UK each year.
The points-based system also covers students: they will need an offer of a place, to speak English, and be able to support themselves during their studies in the UK.
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I'm Natalia Bertelli, an English/Spanish to Italian legal translator. Since 2008 I have been working on contracts, judicial deeds, certificates, corporate translations for foreign clients who want to do business in Italy, get a dual citizenship or simply settle in my beautiful country.