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What are the unemployment benefits in Italy? what happens if you unwillingly lose your job? We talk about it in the following article
When and who is entitled to involuntary unemployment benefit which is constituted as:
In what situation can you claim?
You can claim NASpI if:
you are an apprentice, worker, artist or cooperative member with a dependent working relationship or a fixed-term employee of a Public Administration;
you have involuntarily lost your job or your fixed-term employment contract has finished and you have declared your availability (DID) to begin a new working activity or training course at the Job Centre in good time.
You are entitled to receive NASpI for half the number of weeks covered by contributions in the last four years prior to losing your job.
You can claim DIS-COLL if:
you are a worker with an atypical employment contract or a new self-employed registered with the separate pension scheme and have involuntarily lost your job. You are entitled to receive it for a number of months corresponding to half the number of monthly contributions paid in the period starting from 1st January of the year prior to dismissal till the date of dismissal itself and not exceeding a maximum of 6 months.
You can claim ISCRO if:
you have been paying contributions for 4 years, at least, into the separate pension scheme as a professional with VAT registration.
What conditions do you need to meet?
To be entitled to NASpI you must have been insured with the National Institute for Social Security (INPS) for at least 13 weeks during the 4 years prior to the onset of unemployment and at least 30 days of this work insurance must have been completed during the last 12 months prior to dismissal.
To be entitled to DIS-COLL you must have accrued at least 3 months of contributions in the calendar year prior to the year of dismissal, plus 1 month of contributions during the year of dismissal.
To be entitled to ISCRO you must have accrued at least 4 years of contributions while being registered with the separate pension scheme as a professional with VAT for the same type of gainful activity.
What are you entitled to and how can you claim?
The NASpI amounts to 75% of the monthly reference earnings with a monthly ceiling of EUR 1 227,55 plus 25% of the portion of the worker’s actual monthly pay exceeding the said ceiling. The maximum payable amount is equal to EUR 1,335,40 (gross) per month for 2021. As of the first day of the fourth month (91st day) of receipt of the benefit, the amount is reduced by 3% every following month.
The amount of DIS-COLL is calculated using the same method as NASpI but is provided for a number of weeks equal to half the number of weeks of contributions paid in the last working year.
To receive unemployment benefits, you must submit a claim to the INPS electronically within 68 days from the end of the working relationship and sign an 'Immediate Availability Declaration' (IAD, DID in the Italian acronym) for work or request enrolment in a training course, both of which must be submitted to the competent Job Centre (also through the INPS).
ISCRO amounts to 25% of income earned in the previous year with a ceiling of EUR 800 per month, is paid for six months (not covered by insurance coverage through deemed contributions) and is not subject to taxation.
Forms you may need to fill in
Claims for unemployment benefits are to be submitted through the relevant online procedure available on the INPS website.
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I'm Natalia Bertelli, an English/Spanish to Italian legal translator. Since 2008 I have been working on contracts, judicial deeds, certificates, corporate translations for foreign clients who want to do business in Italy, get a dual citizenship or simply settle in my beautiful country.