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You have planned a trip to Australia, but you should know that to study, work or travel in Australia, it is essential to have a visa-here's how to apply for the right one:
GETTING TO AUSTRALIA
Bureaucracy carries much weight in Australia but guarantees fairness for those entering and staying in the country. All foreigners travelling to Australia must have a valid visa. It is essential to pay attention to dates and regulations. Those found without any permit or with an expired passport are immediately turned away and may be barred from further visits to the country.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF VISAS
Many types of visas are grouped into classes and subcategories that identify individual profiles or activities. There are visas for:
professionals and skilled workers seeking work or business in Australia;
people moving permanently to Australia or temporary workers;
tourists, student-workers, people in transit, visiting family or friends, visiting for business or events;
students and persons seeking opportunities for study, internship or vocational qualification experience;
skilled workers sponsored by Australian companies or employers;
people were benefiting from humanitarian or refugee programs in Australia.
The Department of Home Affairs website lists all visa types and relevant online application forms.
The information, broken down by areas of interest, is grouped according to the recipient and the reason for applying for a visa: to visit the country (tourist visa for up to 3 months), to study, work, live in Australia, or to obtain Australian citizenship.
There is an information section on the department's website. The database on the site helps to identify, through a targeted search, the type of visa that best suits your characteristics, conditions and needs. It provides complete visa information, including estimated costs and additional fees for health checks, documents and various certificates that may be required.
VISAS FOR STUDYING IN AUSTRALIA
Specifically for young people interested in an educational experience in Australia, there are numerous classes of visas. Choosing the most appropriate student visa depends primarily on the studies one wishes to undertake. Among the most popular are:
Independent ELICOS - English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students (Subclass 570)
Schools (Subclass 571)
Secondary school exchange program
Vocational Education and Training (Subclass 572)
Higher Education (Subclass 573)
Postgraduate Research (Subclass 574)
Non-award (Subclass 575)
International students are sponsored by the Department of Foreign Affairs or Defense.
A student visa valid for the course duration allows full-time study, travel and work. A work permit is automatically granted. One can start working only after the start of the courses and only for a defined amount of hours. However, there are no limitations on hours during academic breaks. It is advisable to check the stipulations that must be compulsorily complied with to obtain a student visa, particularly about health insurance.
There is also a Post Study Work Visa for international students who wish to work in Australia after earning a university degree also in Australia. It allows them to stay and work an additional two years or do a doctorate in 4 years.
International students are not eligible for Medicare, Australia's medical-insurance system. The Department of Immigration requires that you maintain Overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC) health insurance for the entire duration of your visa.
For shorter study periods, you can opt for a tourist visa, a Visitor Visa, which allows you to study for up to 3 months (but you cannot work) or the Working Holiday Visa, for up to 4 months of study.
There is also a specific visa for those who intend to reside in Australia as guardians of a minor student: the Student Guardian Visa (Subclass 580).
WORKING HOLIDAY VISA
The Working Holiday Visa (WHV) was established in 1975 to encourage cultural exchanges between signatory countries and create greater integration. The working one is an added opportunity to allow young people to finance their study holiday-a choice that has proven partially successful. The Working Holiday Visa is a very flexible tool: it lasts 12 months, during which you can take a vacation, study and work (part-time or full-time). Within this period, you can work with the same employer consecutively for up to 6 months and study for up to 4 months. With the WHV, it is possible to leave and re-enter the country an unlimited number of times within the year, but this does not extend the validity of the visa.
The WHV is restricted to citizens of a few nations, including Italy, who are between the ages of 18 and 30 (the application can be submitted the day before the 31st birthday). The age ceiling has been raised for Candian, French and Irish citizens, up to and including age 35. Specifically, young Italians are eligible for the Working Holiday Visa (Subclass 417). The Working Holiday Visa can be renewed a second and a third time if, during the previous period of use, specific work was performed in certain industries (such as construction or mining and especially agriculture) in some regional regions for 3 or 6 months (for the first or second renewal, respectively). A popular option in this regard is The Harvest Trail, which offers the opportunity to combine seasonal harvesting work in agriculture with travel across Australia. Seasonal jobs can be found through The National Harvest Labour Information Services.
WHV must be applied for before arriving in Australia. To obtain it, it is necessary to undergo paid medical examinations. It is also advisable to have travel insurance and health insurance.
HOW TO APPLY FOR A VISA?
Those not Australian citizens need a visa to enter Australia, which must be applied for before leaving their country.
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I'm Natalia Bertelli, an English/Spanish to Italian legal translator. Since 2008 I have been working on contracts, judicial deeds, certificates, corporate translations for foreign clients who want to do business in Italy, get a dual citizenship or simply settle in my beautiful country.